Trading Glossary

Take a look at our list of the financial terms associated with trading and the markets.
Account Statement Report

Displays all transactions in the trading account during a certain period of time, reflecting all the trading activities in the client's account. 

Account Value

Investors' trading accounts often hold positions in a variety of different commodities and currencies, and the market price of all positions is summed up, which is the account value. Unlike account balances, account values include open positions. 

Accumulation area

The accumulation area indicates that commodities are being purchased implicitly for a period of time and continue to be absorbed by institutions, so the price performance will be more stable, while the trading volume will rise steadily. What is generally observed is that the volume rises while the price is flat. The term is often used in the stock market, and when a stacking area appears, it often represents that the bulls will continue to exert their buying pressure, which is a potential buying point before the stock price rises. 

Accumulation Swing Index

The accumulative swing index is a measure of the number of days in a bull or bear market. The index is calculated by using a running total of the Swing Index, looking at the Open, High, Low and Close over the last two bars to help traders identify the strength and direction of the market.


Refers to the public address of a cryptocurrency wallet used to receive and send data during online transactions. 

ADP National Employment Report

One of the monthly employment data in the United States, leading up to the Non-farm Payroll data release. The data, like non-farm payrolls, show changes in employment for the month. In actual observation, there is no direct correlation between ADP employment data and non-farm payrolls data, so it can only be used as a forward guide for non-farm payrolls data. 

Advance/Decline Index

Is an indicator of market breadth, which is derived by subtracting the number of falling stocks from the number of rising stocks. The practical usage is that when the ascending line is rising and the broader market is still breaking through the lows, it means that the bulls diverged and the market may subsequently reverse upwards; Conversely, when the rising line goes down and the broader market reaches a new high, it means that the bears diverged, and the market may reverse downwards after that. 

Afghanistan Afghanis

The currency of Afghanistan, abbreviated as Ani, abbreviated as AFA.  


An aggressor is one who buys large quantities at the current market price, thereby taking out several lines of depth if large enough. They can do this when buying or when selling and their orders are set for immediate execution.


A technical indicator created by Bill Williams that uses a moving average system to confirm price trends and directions. There are three crocodile lines, namely the lip line, the tooth line and the jaw line. According to the trajectory of the three lines, the crocodile line pattern is divided into rest, awakening, eating and fullness, and according to the pattern, the trend and fluctuation prediction of the future price will be very different.  


Refers to the alternative currency of Bitcoin, it is a variant of Bitcoin. By using Bitcoin's open resources and initial protocol, and modifying the underlying code, a new token with different characteristics can be formed. Such as Litecoin, Dogecoin and so on. 

Anti-Money Laundering

Regulatory terms for financial markets. Due to the huge flow of funds in the financial markets, illegal funds may be laundered through the financial markets. In terms of procedures, laws and norms, financial institutions need to prevent, detect and report money laundering by their customers or stakeholders. 

ANZ Commodity Price Index

An index that measures price movements in New Zealand's basket of export commodities, including 17 major export commodities. The rise in the index will increase the income of New Zealand exports and will directly affect the GDP to the NZD exchange rate. The index helps predict the future direction of global commodity prices. 

application programming interface

Used for interaction between multiple software, it is a computing interface that allows users to make calls and requests through the API and extend existing functions. 


Currency appreciation is the increase in the value of one currency against another. For example, the rise of the euro against the US dollar can be called the appreciation of the euro, which is also the depreciation of the US dollar. There are many reasons for the appreciation of currencies, including trade surpluses, higher interest rates, deflation, and more. 


Through reverse trading of the same position, taking advantage of the pricing differences in different markets, buying low and selling high to make a profit. A typical arbitrage strategy in the foreign exchange market is triangular arbitrage, such as buying European and American currency pairs at the same time, selling the same position of the European pound and pound US currency pairs, and taking advantage of the pricing difference of the exchange rate to profit. 

Aroon Oscillator Indicator

One of the technical indicators. Chande first proposed this indicator in mid-1995. The indicator consists of three parts, namely Aroon up, Aroon down, and the Aroon oscillator line. The function of the indicator is to identify new trends and determine the strength of the trend. The closer to the upper or lower line of 100 indicates that the trend is stronger and the closer to 0 the weaker. Usually the crossing of two lines is used as a signal for the start of the trend.  

Ascending Trend Line

For investors to draw a straight line from the lower left corner to the upper right corner of the price trend, the composition of the uptrend line needs at least two obvious lows to be connected, if the uptrend line connects the more lows, it can be considered that the stronger the effectiveness of this uptrend line, the more it has the effect of supporting when the price falls to the trend line position. 

Ascending Triangle

An ascending triangle is a bullish formation that occurs when the price of the instrument rises while the short-term trading range widens. When a security breaks out of a triangle, it often has a dramatic rise. An ascending triangle is a chart pattern that occurs when prices rise, peak, and then reverse back down again. It's also commonly seen in the stock market and is a common indicator for technical analysis. 


The statutory regulator of financial services and markets in Australia, all companies' registration, approval, disclosure and investment are regulated by ASIC. ASIC is committed to ensuring fairness and transparency in Australia's financial markets and is a fully independent federal government agency. 

Asset Liquidity

For individual stocks, liquidity refers to the speed at which assets are realized at the same price. Generally, companies and institutions need to maintain a certain amount of liquidity to cope with temporary expenditures and avoid poor capital turnover. Banks, in particular, have stricter requirements for asset liquidity under the Basel Accords to prevent a stampede cashing crisis. Generally speaking, secondary market stocks, short-term bonds, etc. are highly liquid assets, while real estate is a low-liquid asset. For the macroeconomy, liquidity refers to the total amount of money invested in the economic system, and the higher the liquidity, it often represents easing policies and economic stimulus. In a macro environment with high liquidity, the valuation of assets will be relatively improved. 

Asset Purchases

Asset purchases are a form of central bank monetary policy and a means of quantitative easing. Central banks inject liquidity into the market by purchasing state bonds or other non-risky assets (e.g. corporate bonds, ETFs, etc.) to stimulate the market economy. The general target of asset purchase is the national bond issued by the government, and the government directly increases GDP and economic activity through fiscal expenditure, so the asset purchase program of many countries (such as the United States) is also called the bond purchase plan.  


Refers to things of value that can often be converted into cash. From an accounting perspective, an asset must be defined as something that generates cash flow in the future, such as a house, a security, or machinery. Outflows of funds that do not generate cash flow are defined as expenses. Assets are reflected in the company's balance sheet, while expenses are presented in the income statement. 


Australia's legal tender is one of the eight major currencies. 

Average True Range

One of the technical indicators. ATR is the moving average of the range of price fluctuations over a certain period of time, representing the severity of price fluctuations, and is often used in conjunction with other indicators or tools. You can use the average volatility amplitude to set the target and defense points, and you can also judge the phenomenon of overbought or oversold by the excessive volatility amplitude. 


The legal tender of Azerbaijan, code AZN.