Trading Glossary

Take a look at our list of the financial terms associated with trading and the markets.
U.S Prime Rate

The prime rate is the basic lending rate that the bank lends to the customers with the best credit quality, and for the average customer. It is usually added to this premium. This rate is determined by the banks themselves, and in the United States, the prime rate is generally about 3% higher than the federal funds rate. Therefore, when the US Open Market Operations Committee rules raise or lower of the federal funds rate, the prime rate will also float in the same direction.  

U.S.Department Of The Treasury

It is a cabinet department of the United States established by the United States Congress in 1789 to administer the revenues of the United States Government and the financial, monetary, economic, trade, and taxation of the United States.  

Ugandan Shillings

The currency in circulation in Uganda, code named UGX. 


In financial markets, it is often used to describe the current market movements that are extremely violent and confusing to traders. 

Ukrainian Hryvnia

The unit of currency currently in circulation in Ukraine. It was first issued by the National Bank of Ukraine on September 2, 1996. The code name is UAH.  

Ulcer Index

An indicator that calculates investment risk by measuring the pressure to hold a trade or investment by the drawdown of the price of the underlying trade. The ulcer index considers declining volatility to be harmful, while upward volatility is favorable, which differs from the statistical value, standard deviation is commonly used to measure volatility. Because investors tend to focus only on downside risk when going long on commodities such as stocks, mutual funds and currencies. 

Underlying Asset

 Generally refers to the assets agreed in the financial derivatives contract, such as the gold CFD, gold is the underlying asset in this contract, and the price fluctuation of gold will affect the profit and loss of the contract. Underlying assets can be stocks, precious metals, indices, exchange rates, commodities, cryptocurrencies, and so on. 

Unemployment Rate

One of the important indicators of the performance of the job market. Divide the population that is willing and able to work, but not working, by the total economic population, shown as a percentage. The lower the unemployment rate, the better the job market performance and the better the economic environment tends to be. The economic population does not include those who are unwilling or unable to work, so the unemployment rate is only a part of the job market. 

Unemployment Rate

Unemployment rate = Unemployed as a percentage of the total labor force. The unemployed here refers to those who are unemployed but willing and able to work and labor force = employed plus unemployed. 


UNI itself is a governance token launched by Uniswap with a total circulation of 1 billion, founded by Hayden Adams in 2018. Uniswap is a decentralized exchange deployed on Ethereum, with its decentralized architecture, web accessibility, and simple and intuitive interface, making it a huge hit after the launch of the V2 version in mid-2020. The Defi boom in September was sparked by Uniswap.  

United Arab Emirates Dirham

The currency in circulation of the United Arab Emirates (United Arab Emirates), code name AED, has been pegged to the United States dollar since November 1997, with an exchange rate fixed at $1 to $3 AED.  

United States Department of the Treasury

The U.S. federal government's treasury department manages the U.S. government's revenue and expenditure, as well as U.S. fiscal policies such as finance, currency, economy, trade, and taxation. The Treasury Department is also responsible for issuing U.S. state bonds. 

United States Initial Jobless Claims

The number of initial jobless claims in the United States is part of the employment performance report, which refers to the number of people who have received unemployment benefits for the first time in the past week, reflecting the unemployment situation in the United States for the current week. It is generally released every Wednesday. 

United States Securities and Exchange Commission

Established under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. It is directly under the U.S. federal government, it is an independent organ and quasi-judicial agency responsible for the supervision and management of securities in the United States. it is the highest authority in the U.S. securities industry. 

United States Treasury Securities

Treasury bonds are issued by the U.S. Treasury and are a tool for the U.S. government to raise funds, commonly known as U.S. Treasury bonds. Because the U.S. international credit rating is among the highest, U.S. Treasuries are also generally considered risk-free bonds, and their yields are also risk-free yields in the benchmark market. Therefore, often the change in the yield of US Treasury bonds will trigger huge fluctuations in financial markets. 

University of Michigan Consumer Sentiment

This index represents the strength of U.S. consumer confidence in the economic environment. It reflects consumers' views on current and future economic trends and personal consumption expenditures, and is the most authoritative and reliable leading indicator of U.S. consumer spending. 

Unrealized Gain/Loss

Refers to the profit or loss on the book caused by the market conditions of the trader's open position before the position has been closed. 

Unsterilized Foreign Exchange Intervention

It refers to a means by which the national monetary authority changes the money supply in the domestic market by buying and selling in the foreign exchange market for the purpose of adjusting the exchange rate. In contrast, there is a write-off intervention, in which monetary authorities trade in the foreign exchange market while using other monetary policy tools to offset the impact of foreign exchange transactions on the money supply.  


It means that the latest transaction price is higher than the previous transaction price. 

Uptick Rule

Originating in the United States, a trading restriction, the price of short selling must be greater than the latest transaction price, in order to prevent the financial crisis of bearish suppression caused by a plunge. 


The price of the underlying is higher and higher. Its main feature is to see the highs getting higher and higher, and the lows getting higher and higher. When a trader sees this trend forming, he only goes long and not short, and the probability of profit on the trade will increase. 


An uptrend is when the value of stocks rises rapidly. From a technical point of view, we would look for higher lows and higher highs. Uptrends can come from a change in the economy, a change in the political or economic environment, or in a company's business. For example, an increase in sales can be caused by a booming.  

Uruguay Pesos

The Uruguayan peso (UYU), is the national currency of Uruguay. The unit of the auxiliary coin is cents, and 1 peso = 100 cents.  

US Dollar Index

Used to comprehensively reflect the strength and weakness of the US dollar in the international foreign exchange market, measuring the degree of change in the exchange rate of the US dollar against a basket of currencies. The basket consists of the Euro, the British pound, the Swiss franc, the Swedish krona, the Canadian dollar and the Japanese yen, with the Euro accounting for the highest weight of 57.6%. 


Fiat currency in the United States, issued by the Federal Reserve and widely used outside the United States, is one of the eight major currencies. Known as the "global monetary hegemon", the US dollar is the most liquid and the most important currency affecting the foreign exchange, stock and commodity markets. 

Uzbekistan Sums

The legal tender of the Republic of Uzbekistan, code named UZS.